Intel and compatable CPU's Programming Information

Intel SSE MMX2 KNI documentation

AMD 64 Bit & Opteron resource on this site

Intel Itanium 64 Bit processor

CPU Heat Dissipation Table

Intel 80386 Reference Programmer's Manual

Our Partners:
the site

up: Chapter 17 -- 80386 Instruction Set
prev: CMPS/CMPSB/CMPSW/CMPSD Compare String Operands
next: DAA Decimal Adjust AL after Addition


CWD/CDQ -- Convert Word to Doubleword/Convert Doubleword to Quadword

Opcode    Instruction        Clocks   Description

99        CWD                2        DX:AX := sign-extend of AX
99        CDQ                2        EDX:EAX := sign-extend of EAX

Operation

IF OperandSize = 16 (* CWD instruction *)
THEN
   IF AX < 0 THEN DX := 0FFFFH; ELSE DX := 0; FI;
ELSE (* OperandSize = 32, CDQ instruction *)
   IF EAX < 0 THEN EDX := 0FFFFFFFFH; ELSE EDX := 0; FI;
FI;

Description

CWD converts the signed word in AX to a signed doubleword in DX:AX by extending the most significant bit of AX into all the bits of DX. CDQ converts the signed doubleword in EAX to a signed 64-bit integer in the register pair EDX:EAX by extending the most significant bit of EAX (the sign bit) into all the bits of EDX. Note that CWD is different from CWDE. CWDE uses EAX as a destination, instead of DX:AX.

Flags Affected

None

Protected Mode Exceptions

None

Real Address Mode Exceptions

None

Virtual 8086 Mode Exceptions

None


up: Chapter 17 -- 80386 Instruction Set
prev: CMPS/CMPSB/CMPSW/CMPSD Compare String Operands
next: DAA Decimal Adjust AL after Addition