Intel and compatable CPU's Programming Information
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DEC -- Decrement by 1
Opcode Instruction Clocks Description FE /1 DEC r/m8 2/6 Decrement r/m byte by 1 FF /1 DEC r/m16 2/6 Decrement r/m word by 1 DEC r/m32 2/6 Decrement r/m dword by 1 48+rw DEC r16 2 Decrement word register by 1 48+rw DEC r32 2 Decrement dword register by 1
DEST := DEST - 1;
DescriptionDEC subtracts 1 from the operand. DEC does not change the carry flag. To affect the carry flag, use the SUB instruction with an immediate operand of 1.
Flags AffectedOF, SF, ZF, AF, and PF as described in Appendix C.
Protected Mode Exceptions#GP(0) if the result is a nonwritable segment; #GP(0) for an illegal memory operand effective address in the CS, DS, ES, FS, or GS segments; #SS(0) for an illegal address in the SS segment; #PF(fault-code) for a page fault
Real Address Mode ExceptionsInterrupt 13 if any part of the operand would lie outside of the effective address space from 0 to 0FFFFH
Virtual 8086 Mode ExceptionsSame exceptions as in Real Address Mode; #PF(fault-code) for a page fault