Intel and compatable CPU's Programming Information
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MOVS/MOVSB/MOVSW/MOVSD -- Move Data from String to String
Opcode Instruction Clocks Description A4 MOVS m8,m8 7 Move byte [(E)SI] to ES:[(E)DI] A5 MOVS m16,m16 7 Move word [(E)SI] to ES:[(E)DI] A5 MOVS m32,m32 7 Move dword [(E)SI] to ES:[(E)DI] A4 MOVSB 7 Move byte DS:[(E)SI] to ES:[(E)DI] A5 MOVSW 7 Move word DS:[(E)SI] to ES:[(E)DI] A5 MOVSD 7 Move dword DS:[(E)SI] to ES:[(E)DI]
IF (instruction = MOVSD) OR (instruction has doubleword operands) THEN OperandSize := 32; ELSE OperandSize := 16; IF AddressSize = 16 THEN use SI for source-index and DI for destination-index; ELSE (* AddressSize = 32 *) use ESI for source-index and EDI for destination-index; FI; IF byte type of instruction THEN [destination-index] := [source-index]; (* byte assignment *) IF DF = 0 THEN IncDec := 1 ELSE IncDec := -1; FI; ELSE IF OperandSize = 16 THEN [destination-index] := [source-index]; (* word assignment *) IF DF = 0 THEN IncDec := 2 ELSE IncDec := -2; FI; ELSE (* OperandSize = 32 *) [destination-index] := [source-index]; (* doubleword assignment *) IF DF = 0 THEN IncDec := 4 ELSE IncDec := -4; FI; FI; FI; source-index := source-index + IncDec; destination-index := destination-index + IncDec;
DescriptionMOVS copies the byte or word at [(E)SI] to the byte or word at ES:[(E)DI]. The destination operand must be addressable from the ES register; no segment override is possible for the destination. A segment override can be used for the source operand; the default is DS.
The addresses of the source and destination are determined solely by the contents of (E)SI and (E)DI. Load the correct index values into (E)SI and (E)DI before executing the MOVS instruction. MOVSB, MOVSW, and MOVSD are synonyms for the byte, word, and doubleword MOVS instructions.
After the data is moved, both (E)SI and (E)DI are advanced automatically. If the direction flag is 0 (CLD was executed), the registers are incremented; if the direction flag is 1 (STD was executed), the registers are decremented. The registers are incremented or decremented by 1 if a byte was moved, 2 if a word was moved, or 4 if a doubleword was moved.
Protected Mode Exceptions#GP(0) if the result is in a nonwritable segment; #GP(0) for an illegal memory operand effective address in the CS, DS, ES, FS, or GS segments; #SS(0) for an illegal address in the SS segment; #PF(fault-code) for a page fault
Real Address Mode ExceptionsInterrupt 13 if any part of the operand would lie outside of the effective address space from 0 to 0FFFFH
Virtual 8086 Mode ExceptionsSame exceptions as in Real Address Mode; #PF(fault-code) for a page fault