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Intel 80386 Reference Programmer's Manual

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up: Chapter 17 -- 80386 Instruction Set
prev: MOV Move to/from Special Registers
next: MOVSX Move with Sign-Extend


MOVS/MOVSB/MOVSW/MOVSD -- Move Data from String to String

Opcode  Instruction      Clocks   Description

A4      MOVS m8,m8       7        Move byte [(E)SI] to ES:[(E)DI]
A5      MOVS m16,m16     7        Move word [(E)SI] to ES:[(E)DI]
A5      MOVS m32,m32     7        Move dword [(E)SI] to ES:[(E)DI]
A4      MOVSB            7        Move byte DS:[(E)SI] to ES:[(E)DI]
A5      MOVSW            7        Move word DS:[(E)SI] to ES:[(E)DI]
A5      MOVSD            7        Move dword DS:[(E)SI] to ES:[(E)DI]

Operation

IF (instruction = MOVSD) OR (instruction has doubleword operands)
THEN OperandSize := 32;
ELSE OperandSize := 16;
IF AddressSize = 16
THEN use SI for source-index and DI for destination-index;
ELSE (* AddressSize = 32 *)
   use ESI for source-index and EDI for destination-index;
FI;
IF byte type of instruction
THEN
   [destination-index] := [source-index]; (* byte assignment *)
   IF DF = 0 THEN IncDec := 1 ELSE IncDec := -1; FI;
ELSE
   IF OperandSize = 16
   THEN
      [destination-index] := [source-index]; (* word assignment *)
      IF DF = 0 THEN IncDec := 2 ELSE IncDec := -2; FI;
   ELSE (* OperandSize = 32 *)
      [destination-index] := [source-index]; (* doubleword assignment *)
      IF DF = 0 THEN IncDec := 4 ELSE IncDec := -4; FI;
   FI;
FI;
source-index := source-index + IncDec;
destination-index := destination-index + IncDec;

Description

MOVS copies the byte or word at [(E)SI] to the byte or word at ES:[(E)DI]. The destination operand must be addressable from the ES register; no segment override is possible for the destination. A segment override can be used for the source operand; the default is DS.

The addresses of the source and destination are determined solely by the contents of (E)SI and (E)DI. Load the correct index values into (E)SI and (E)DI before executing the MOVS instruction. MOVSB, MOVSW, and MOVSD are synonyms for the byte, word, and doubleword MOVS instructions.

After the data is moved, both (E)SI and (E)DI are advanced automatically. If the direction flag is 0 (CLD was executed), the registers are incremented; if the direction flag is 1 (STD was executed), the registers are decremented. The registers are incremented or decremented by 1 if a byte was moved, 2 if a word was moved, or 4 if a doubleword was moved.

MOVS can be preceded by the REP prefix for block movement of CX bytes or words. Refer to the REP instruction for details of this operation.

Flags Affected

None

Protected Mode Exceptions

#GP(0) if the result is in a nonwritable segment; #GP(0) for an illegal memory operand effective address in the CS, DS, ES, FS, or GS segments; #SS(0) for an illegal address in the SS segment; #PF(fault-code) for a page fault

Real Address Mode Exceptions

Interrupt 13 if any part of the operand would lie outside of the effective address space from 0 to 0FFFFH

Virtual 8086 Mode Exceptions

Same exceptions as in Real Address Mode; #PF(fault-code) for a page fault


up: Chapter 17 -- 80386 Instruction Set
prev: MOV Move to/from Special Registers
next: MOVSX Move with Sign-Extend