Intel and compatable CPU's Programming Information
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SUB -- Integer Subtraction
Opcode Instruction Clocks Description 2C ib SUB AL,imm8 2 Subtract immediate byte from AL 2D iw SUB AX,imm16 2 Subtract immediate word from AX 2D id SUB EAX,imm32 2 Subtract immediate dword from EAX 80 /5 ib SUB r/m8,imm8 2/7 Subtract immediate byte from r/m byte 81 /5 iw SUB r/m16,imm16 2/7 Subtract immediate word from r/m word 81 /5 id SUB r/m32,imm32 2/7 Subtract immediate dword from r/m dword 83 /5 ib SUB r/m16,imm8 2/7 Subtract sign-extended immediate byte from r/m word 83 /5 ib SUB r/m32,imm8 2/7 Subtract sign-extended immediate byte from r/m dword 28 /r SUB r/m8,r8 2/6 Subtract byte register from r/m byte 29 /r SUB r/m16,r16 2/6 Subtract word register from r/m word 29 /r SUB r/m32,r32 2/6 Subtract dword register from r/m dword 2A /r SUB r8,r/m8 2/7 Subtract byte register from r/m byte 2B /r SUB r16,r/m16 2/7 Subtract word register from r/m word 2B /r SUB r32,r/m32 2/7 Subtract dword register from r/m dword
IF SRC is a byte and DEST is a word or dword THEN DEST := DEST - SignExtend(SRC); ELSE DEST := DEST - SRC; FI;
DescriptionSUB subtracts the second operand (SRC) from the first operand (DEST). The first operand is assigned the result of the subtraction, and the flags are set accordingly.
When an immediate byte value is subtracted from a word operand, the immediate value is first sign-extended to the size of the destination operand.
Flags AffectedOF, SF, ZF, AF, PF, and CF as described in Appendix C
Protected Mode Exceptions#GP(0) if the result is in a nonwritable segment; #GP(0) for an illegal memory operand effective address in the CS, DS, ES, FS, or GS segments; #SS(0) for an illegal address in the SS segment; #PF(fault-code) for a page fault
Real Address Mode ExceptionsInterrupt 13 if any part of the operand would lie outside of the effective address space from 0 to 0FFFFH
Virtual 8086 Mode ExceptionsSame exceptions as in Real Address Mode; #PF(fault-code) for a page fault